HIV in Australia

In 2022, it was estimated that there were 28,870 people with HIV in Australia. Of these 28,870 people, an estimated 93% were diagnosed by the end of 2022. The research also shows that approximately 95% of people diagnosed were receiving HIV treatment, and of those on treatment, 98% had an undetectable viral load.

In 2022, 49% of HIV notifications were attributed to sexual contact between men. 30% of cases were attributed to heterosexual sex, 8% to a combination of sexual contact between men and injecting drug use, 3% to injecting drug use alone, and 10% to other/unspecified.

Between 2013 and 2016, the HIV notification rate among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples increased from 4.4 to 6.5 per 100,000 and then declined to 2.3 per 100,000 in 2021. In 2022, the HIV notification rate increased slightly again, to 3.2 per 100,000 among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples but were stable among non-Indigenous people, at 2.2 per 100,000. While the HIV notification rates in recent years are lower than in preceding years, the effects of COVID-19 mean we must be mindful of trends over time. Co-designed campaigns, developed in partnership with local community organisations, are needed to ensure, focused on testing, treatment and PrEP.

Of the HIV notifications in 2021 with male-to-male sex as their risk exposure, approximately 47% were overseas-born men.

HIV data is collected at diagnosis in each state and territory in Australia and analysed by the Kirby Institute, UNSW. Information in this section is drawn from these reports.

HIV in Australia Snapshot

Each year, Health Equity Matters (formerly AFAO) provides a snapshot of what HIV looks like in Australia. This resource, HIV in Australia, provides the most up to date epidemiological data in the form of a straightforward infographic.

HIV in Australia 2024

HIV in Australia 2023

HIV in Australia 2022

HIV in Australia 2021

HIV in Australia 2020

HIV in Australia 2019

HIV in Australia 2018

HIV in Australia 2017